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Spine vascular malformation

Spine vascular malformation

What is Spinal Vascular Malformation?Spinal vascular malformation is a very rare condition. It is an abnormal tangle of blood vessels on, in, and/or near the spinal cordĀ Depending on where a malformation is located, it is classified as:an intramedullary arteriovenous malformation…

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Spine tumors

Spine tumors

What is spinal tumor?A spinal tumor is a growth of cells (mass) in or surrounding the spinal cord.What are the types of spinal tumors?There are two main types of tumors that may affect the spinal cord:Intramedullary tumors begin in the…

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Disk prolapse

Disk prolapse

What is disk prolapse?A disc becomes prolapsed when the soft, jelly-like material that comprises the center of the disc pushes through the fibrous shell and into the spinal column. This condition often leads to neck or back pain when the…

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Spine fractures

Spine fractures

What are spinal fractures?A spinal fracture is when you break a bone in your spineā€”that's the basic definition. Spinal fractures are different than a broken arm or leg. A fracture or dislocation of a vertebra can cause bone fragments to…

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Head Injury

Head Injury

What is head injury?A traumatic brain injury, also referred to an acquired brain injury, occurs when someone suffers a sudden trauma that causes damage to the brain. When the head suddenly and violently hits an object, a traumatic brain injury…

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Brain aneurysm

Brain aneurysm

What is Brain Aneurysm?Brain aneurysm is an abnormal bulge in the brain's blood vessel. When it leaks or ruptures, it causes bleeding into the brain, otherwise known as hemorrhagic stroke. A type of hemorrhagic stroke called subarachnoid hemorrhage occurs in…

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Brain tumors

Brain tumors

What is a brain tumor?A brain tumor is a collection, or mass, of abnormal cells in your brain. Your skull, which encloses your brain, is very rigid. Any growth inside such a restricted space can cause problems. Brain tumors can…

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Vascular malformation

Vascular malformation

What is a brain arteriovenous malformation ?Normally, arteries carry blood containing oxygen from the heart to the brain, and veins carry blood with less oxygen away from the brain and back to the heart. When an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) occurs,…

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Hydrocephalus (Endoscopic surgery)

Hydrocephalus (Endoscopic surgery)

What is Hydrocephalus?Hydrocephalus is commonly referred to as "water on the brain." The so-called "water" is actually cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), a clear liquid that looks like water and is produced in the 4 ventricles (cavities) of the brain, connected by…

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Dr Sudish Karunakaran MS, MCh, MRCS(Edin), FRCS Neuro Surg(Eng)
Sr. Consultant Head of Neuroscience Surgery

Dr Sudish Karunakaran is a Senior Consultant Neurosurgeon in Medical Trust Hospital, Kochi, Kerala. He received his medical degree from the University of Kerala and MCh in Neurosurgery and Postdoctoral Fellowship in Neurovascular surgery both at the Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute of Sciences and Technology. Following MRCS at the Royal College, Edinburgh, he went to England, where he completed FRCS in Neurosurgery from Royal college of surgeons as well as Postdoctoral Fellowship in Paediatric Neurosurgery from Bristol. He was the captain of the University Basket ball team as well as best player for 3 consecutive years in All India Intermedical basketball Tournament.

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